Tuesday, April 21, 2015


By Bible Names of God

Isai 64:8 But now, O LORD, thou [art] our father; we [are] the clay, and thou our potter; and we all [are] the work of thy hand.

It is a good thing to commit a verse such as this to memory, for we need a deeper consciousness of our own insignificance and of our absolute dependence upon the Lord. Paul says: "Hath not the Potter power over the clay?", and David says: Oh, Lord, forsake not the work of Thy hands." He is our Maker; His is our King; He is our Redeemer. We are compelled to cry to Him for deliverance in times of distress. Why not surrender all we are and have to Him and let Him mould and fashion us after His good pleasure, giving to Him all the glory for whatever may eventuate from our lives?

Lord, we are but clay. Have Thine own way with us as seemeth good to Thee and take all the glory. Amen.

The Gospel in 6 Minutes (John Piper)

Sovereign, supreme disposal

Image result for J.C. PHILPOT

(Choice devotional selections
 from the works of J. C. Philpot)

Sovereign, supreme disposal

"He put all things in subjection under His feet, and gave Him to be the head over all things." Ephesians 1:22

God has put all things, events, and circumstances under the authority of Christ! How vast—how numerous—how complicated are the various events and circumstances which attend the Christian here below, as he travels onward to his heavenly home! But if all things are put under Jesus' feet, there cannot be a single circumstance over which He has not supreme control. Everything in providence and everything in grace are alike subject to His disposal. There is not a trial—a temptation—an affliction of body or soul—a loss—a cross—a painful bereavement—a vexation—a grief—a disappointment—a case, state or condition—which is not put under Jesus' feet.

He has sovereign, supreme disposal over all events and circumstances. As possessed of infinite knowledge He sees them—as possessed of infinite wisdom He can manage them—and as possessed of infinite power He can dispose and direct them for our good and His own glory. How much trouble and anxiety would we save ourselves, could we firmly believe, realize, and act on this! If we could see by the eye of faith that every foe and every fear—every difficulty and perplexity—every trying or painful circumstance—every looked-for or unlooked-for event—every source of care, whether at present or in prospect—are all put under His feet at His sovereign disposal—what a load of anxiety and care would be often taken off our shoulders!


T. Austin-Sparks

"For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh (for the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but mighty before God to the casting down of strongholds); casting down imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ." (2 Corinthians 10:3-5)

WE wish to consider the matter of mentality in relation to our great spiritual warfare. The marginal alternative to "casting down imaginations" is "casting down reasonings" and William Barclay renders this "destroying plausible fallacies". In any warfare there are perils and threats to victory where there is a wrong mentality. On the other hand, the warrior has a tremendous advantage when he is of a right mentality. What are the plausible fallacies which must be destroyed if we are to share in Christ's victory?

The first consideration in warfare is that of the Supreme Command. When we consider the Church as the fighting army we realise how important it is that there should exist no wrong mentality concerning the Lord Jesus who is the Supreme Commander. One aspect of a wrong mentality concerning Him is this: that He is One from whom we get everything, instead of the One to whom we give everything. There is a great danger of always thinking in terms of what we are to get from Headquarters, of what advantages are to accrue to us, of drawing toward ourselves; in effect -- although we would never admit this -- really putting ourselves, our interests, in the place of those of the Supreme Command. That is how it works out.

It is just at this point that "popular" Christianity has done a great deal of harm. Christianity has been put on a wrong basis, or perhaps to be a little more charitable, upon an inadequate basis, and the preaching is almost exclusively in terms of what we are to get. We are to get salvation; we are to get eternal life, peace, joy and satisfaction -- all this and Heaven too! But the emphasis is so largely upon what we are to get from the Lord Jesus, our Supreme Commander. It is at least an inadequate mentality, if not an altogether wrong one when it is made a principle; it is a misinterpretation of the whole Christian life. The right mentality -- and the only one that is going to serve the great purpose and to minister to the great objective -- is the mentality that is governed by the principle: "Give everything to the Lord" and not "Get everything from the Lord".

This is the governing principle of the Godhead, that to give is the way of fulfilment. In the case of the Lord Jesus, that is made very clear in one classic passage where we are told that He "... emptied himself ... Wherefore also God highly exalted him ..." (Philippians 2:7-9). Fulfilment, the restoration of His voluntarily laid aside fullness, came to Him along the line of emptying, giving, pouring out. That is the principle of the Godhead, and it should be the mentality of all who are engaged in the great spiritual warfare. We shall be knocked about, brought up short and defeated if we are all the time thinking in terms of what should come to us. The self-centred life is always the discontented life.

But the out-going life is the life of abundant return -- it all comes back. "Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over" (Luke 6:38). Those are the words of the Lord Jesus. Do you want eternal possessions? The way to receive is to give. We must not think only of the Lord Jesus in terms of receiving from Him, as though He were only there for our benefit. Those who have this mentality may feel that He is not giving as they expected, so they lose interest and become paralysed in the battle, useless as fighters and powerless as servants. The true mentality about the Supreme Commander is that He should receive the honour and the glory, the dominion and the power, and everything. It is true that He will give and go on giving eternally, our relationship must be not on the basis of what we can get but of how much He is going to get from us. [61/62]

Secondly, there are the perils of wrong ideas about the Christian life. There is a prevalent idea that this is merely a matter of being saved and blessed. For many, salvation and personal blessing are the sum of the Christian life, a mentality which is sometimes encouraged by preachers and leaders. The Word of God makes it perfectly clear, however, that this life is something far more. We need to realise that the Christian life involves being actively engaged in the great conflict of the elemental forces of this universe.

That is the issue. Long, long ago, something tremendous was set in motion; and ever since then, down through the centuries, the great purpose of God has been challenged and disputed. All through these generations the people of God have given themselves in relation to that one great battle in the universe; and it still goes on -- the battle is not over yet. The real nature of the Christian life is that you and I, immediately we become related to the Lord Jesus Christ, are called into this spiritual conflict. We are involved in what I have called the ultimate elemental forces of the universe in conflict. This means no less than that the whole hosts of the kingdom of God and of heaven are on one side, while on the other side is the vast and vicious kingdom of Satan.

Do not have any illusions about the Christian life. The Lord Jesus did not allow His disciples to harbour any illusions: "Whosoever doth not bear his own cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple" (Luke 14:27). "Whosoever would save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it" (Luke 9:24). That is frank and straight-forward. This is what we are in! It is a great privilege to be in it, but we should have no wrong mentality about the costliness of the honour. There is joy and there is peace. Thank God for all the blessings. We need, though, to recognise and adjust to the fact that we are in a battle, a fierce and unrelenting battle; a warfare from which there is no discharge in this life.


Thirdly, there can be wrong ideas about the army itself, that is the Church. The Church is the army, but it would be a wrong mentality to imagine that the Church is the end and object of everything. We are accustomed to say much about the greatness of the Church and we do not exaggerate when we do so. We speak of it in superlative terms as, "God's masterpiece" and we are right to do so. We are encouraged by the Word of God to think of the Church of Christ as something great and wonderful, even magnificent. It is a wonderful conception in the mind of God from all eternity; it has a very large place in the divine counsels; and it is to be at last presented to the Lord Jesus as a glorious Church. All this is true.

Humility and Success

Humility and Success

By Beverly Carradine

Elijah Passed the Test of Success

The prophet had won a great victory on Mount Carmel. The fire had fallen, he had been vindicated and honored by God, the people were convinced, and the prophets of Baal had been slain by the hundreds. Through all this amazing success he kept in his proper place before God. He was humble and true as ever and went from this triumph to another on the brow of the mountain, where he pleaded with the Lord and received rain for the parched country. He stood the test of success. Not all can stand the test of success. Many have gone down under it, and many more will yet do so. Some Christians lose their heads immediately upon a first clearly marked success. Others run well for a while, and then, as victory after victory comes to them on different lines of the Christian life, they begin to falter, totter, and then topple from their high attainments and close walk with God. They went up the ladder of temporal promotion too rapidly. The elevation was so sudden, and the position so lofty, as to create dizziness.

The Loss of Humility

Frequent success in the work of the Lord brought about public praise, newspaper notices, various kinds of compliments, which at last sapped the strength, stole away the humility, and destroyed the power of one of God's devoted servants. The harm was not all done at once, but spiritual people could see the damage being inflicted, and beheld it with intense sorrow. The man once so humble, developed spiritual pride before he was aware of it. He can no longer endure contradiction. He finds it difficult to pardon a criticism passed on himself or work. He has a keen relish for praise; it is like incense in his nostrils. He does not care to hear others complimented; it is wearisome to him. He wants the censer swung before him mainly, if not altogether Time was that newspaper notices humbled him, but now he carefully cuts them out or sends marked copies of the paper to individuals or to others papers, that the echo of his greatness might dwell long in the land.


Vol. 17, No. 4, July - Aug. 1988

Poul Madsen

I have never heard a loving person say, "I am very loving", nor have I ever heard a pure person claim to be pure. Any such claims would weaken their declarations of love and purity. Where big words are used, there is usually not much substance behind them. Big words and vigorous gestures often reveal poor and shallow realities.[69/70]

However there seems to be a special temptation to employ big words in spiritual matters. Many fall for this temptation and think that they are the more convincing and more honouring to God when they make their claims with the use of superlatives. Hannah gives us some wise advice in this matter when she sings, "Talk no more so exceeding proudly" which in the Danish reads, "Be careful with your big words" (1 Samuel 2:3). Her experience of God's wonderful working had made her understand how small man is, and how unseemly it is for a little person to speak big word's.

Concerning Spiritual Experiences

It is refreshing to hear the great apostle refer to this matter by saying, "I think that I also have the Spirit of God" (1 Corinthians 7:40). We are struck by his modesty and humility. Yes, indeed, but can anyone who has the mighty Spirit of God speak differently? Can the presence of the Holy Spirit make a person cocksure, self-important, self-opinionated or arrogant? There are several reason why no-one who is governed by the Spirit can be anything but modest.

i. Firstly, the Holy Spirit not a possession which is at our disposal in the same way that other possessions are. It is possible that you have great talents and it is also possible that you own a big fortune, but it is not possible for you in this way to possess the Spirit of God, for He is divine. You can only have Him by faith, that is, in fellowship with the Lord Jesus Christ.

ii. Secondly, it is almost beyond our comprehension that the great Holy Spirit will dwell in a mere man. Only think for a moment what sort of a person you are, and then remember that the Spirit is the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of our Lord Himself. Do you consider that you two suit naturally together, and that you can claim any credit for being a dwelling place for Him? To the apostle Paul this was so overwhelmingly a matter of divine grace that it never ceased to be a wonder to him that God had made him fit to be a dwelling for His Spirit.

iii. Thirdly, the Spirit of God is so great that we feel very small in His presence. He is the Spirit of Truth, which means that He reveals how very much we still lack, and have no grounds at all for feeding our pride by speaking big words. The Holy Spirit had made Paul realise that although in some ways he was a great apostle, in fact he must regard himself as the least of the apostles and among the greatest of sinners (1 Corinthians 15:9 & 1 Timothy 1:15). The more the Holy Spirit controls us, the less we become in our own eyes and the greater become the Lord and the wonders of His grace. If there is present any boasting, self-assurance or pompous authority, then the Holy Spirit is not convincingly present, but rather is the flesh regaining control.

iv. Fourthly, when the Holy Spirit exercises control, He deprives us of our own imagined power so that we know ourselves to be weak and helpless. Paul had this experience greater than most others, finding that it is just on the basis of human weakness that the power of God works, and such power nether needs nor permits sounding words or pompous gestures. On the contrary, the kingdom of God does not consist of words -- and certainly not of his words -- but of divine power (1 Corinthians 4:20).

Concerning Steadfastness
We often hear Paul exhorting the saints, but he includes himself in these exhortations, whether or not he mentions the fact. Does he, for example, have to qualify his warning by such a phrase as "Let him that thinkethhe standeth take heed lest he fall" (1 Corinthians 10:12)? Would it not be more bracing, since he is including himself, just to speak of a man standing rather than to suggest that his imagined steadfastness can be in his own mind? Does he have to be so cautious?

What we need to remember is that the question is of standing not in one's own estimation but of standing before God. When the time comes for us to present ourselves before the judgment seat of Christ, we will hardly be in a mood to boast of how steadfast we have been. We do well to remember what the Lord Jesus said about some who have not the least anxiety about being able to face the Judge, being convinced that they stand well, so much so that they will say to the Lord, "Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in thy name, and by thy name cast out devils, and by thy name do many mighty works?" Such will feel sure that there can be no doubt about their authenticity, since they can produce outstanding [70/71] proofs of it. To them, however, the Lord Jesus declared that He would have to pronounce the dreadful words: "I never knew you; depart from me ..." (Matthew 7:22-23). Then it will be revealed, but too late, that they never had any standing in His sight and that, in spite of their imposing accomplishments, they remain among the workers of iniquity who walk in the darkness. No wonder the great apostle speaks carefully, for he speaks in the fear of the Lord.

Sometimes we sing a hymn, "I have decided to follow Jesus" in a spirit which suggests that although everyone else may hesitate, we will follow Him all the way. By all means let us sing it, but let us do so with trembling, not forgetting that the great apostle Peter also once promised that even if all the others failed the Lord, he would never do so!

I recently received a letter in which a young man wrote to me, "We at any rate will go all the way." I know that he meant this with all his heart, but I fear that he does not know himself yet, for every man has limits to what he can endure. For everyone of us there are tests which are too much for us. Praise God that He knows everyone of us and has promised not to let us be tested beyond our ability, but meanwhile we should choose to speak words of quiet faith rather than enlarged words of what we propose to do.

Would any of us be able to stand the test of Gethsemane? Would we be able to stand on Calvary? There is only One who was steadfast in every trial, and He did it because none of us could ever have been able to do so. Big words do not strengthen faith, however well-meant they may be. Thank God that modest words do not diminish faith or weaken it. When we do not feel any spiritual superiority then we are the more ready to put on the whole armour of God, for we know how weak we would be without that armour. Its first constituent is truth as a girdle round our loins, and that means truth about ourselves as well as truth about our Saviour and Lord. With this armour the weakest can stand, overcome in the evil day, and still be standing when all is done (Ephesians 6:13).

Concerning Resurrection

As I have said, that which is divine is not in our possession in the same way as other possessions are. We "possess" what is divine with that due fear and trembling which is characteristic of faith, that is, with certainty because Christ is faithful, and yet with trembling because it is at present invisible. If one dare speak of varying degrees in divine matters, then so far as I can see, resurrection is among the highest. It lies quite beyond our reach and exceeds all human understanding. Unlike us, Paul had actually seen into the eternal world, and he had heard words which it is unlawful for a man to utter (2 Corinthians 12:1-4). Had this experience given him a carnal assurance which made the future all plain and straightforward, without any problems? No, for he used modest words when he spoke of this: "... if by means I may attain unto the resurrection from the dead" (Philippians 3:11). The more we see into the realms of holiness and love, the more we tremble even while at the same time we yearn for their full fulfilment.

Quiet confidence is right and seemly, but it ill becomes any of us to be cocksure when the apostle is cautious. For his part he made it plain that nothing would prevent him from progressing towards the goal which is sure for those who are "found in Christ", and to this end was resolved even to bring his body into bondage (1 Corinthians 9:27). Such language reveals an aspect of apostolic faith which we do well to copy.

Concerning Poverty of Spirit
Why are Paul's utterances always permeated with a modesty which avoids big words of cocksureness? It was because he had learned to know himself more thoroughly. As Saul of Tarsus he had been convinced that he had standing with God and was spiritually in front of most, so that before God he was someone to be reckoned with. Just imagine! So far as the righteousness of the law was concerned he knew himself to be blameless. What a strong character, a veritable man of God he seemed to be! But then that light fell upon him which one day will shine upon us all, and then he saw himself as he really was. It was a fearful sight, for all that imagined blamelessness was seen to be nothing other than a filthy and defiled garment. There was not in his life a single thing which could make him acceptable to God. His professed sincerity was nothing, for in fact his intended goodwill had really not been good at all, for he was an enemy of the will of God, an enemy of love, and enemy of God Himself. [71/72]

He discovered that there was total and absolute distance between God and himself. There was no connecting link between him and the Almighty. The gulf seemed insuperable. It was then, and only then, that he understood what no-one knows without divine illumination, that salvation is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that has mercy (Romans 9:16). Who can appreciate this apart from those who have been completely exposed to the light of God? However when Paul learned this truth and that God's love is completely undeserved and incomprehensible, he was able to accept that Christ had so loved him as to take freely upon Himself all his sins in His own body, allowing Himself, as God's sacrificial Lamb to be slain for his sake.

The broken man learned that God's salvation does not build upon nor require human strength of character or will power, but that repentant sinners of the worst kind go into the kingdom before the self-righteous. This is incomprehensible and may seem offensive, but this is God's truth which cannot be altered. When, outside of Damascus, eternity's light broke revealingly upon Saul of Tarsus, he became as poor in spirit as a person can be; he knew himself to be a helpless sinner who merited condemnation, and in that poverty he found that the Kingdom of heaven was his, for the sake of the Lord Jesus. He remained poor in spirit for the rest of his life, for he did not run away from that light, so although he knew that the Kingdom of heaven was his, he never spoke big words about himself.

Concerning Trusting Faith

Living faith finds its true expression in modest language. When there are big words there is always, directly or indirectly, an impression of personal greatness. We tend to admire the spokesman, to wonder at his strong faith and the amazing experiences which he describes. He makes us wish that we had that kind of faith and may make us depressed, when gospel truth is meant to lift us up. Modest words, however, draw attention only to Him who is being spoken about. They do not create admiration for the speaker, but give confidence in the Saviour alone to those who are small and weak.

Big words suck the strength out of the gospel message; they change it into what seems to be for the strong and able. Modest words allow the gospel to retain its divine power, offering help to those who have no power in themselves. The gospel is the complete opposite of human thoughts. Only broken and contrite hearts can understand it. 

(To be continued)

Poul Madsen

"Be careful with your big words"

1 Samuel 2:3 (Danish)


[Roger T. Forster]

"Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost its savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under foot of men" (Matthew 5:13).

"For every one shall be salted with fire. Salt is good: but if the salt have lost its saltness, wherewith will ye season it? Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace one with another" (Mark 9:49-50).

"Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned? It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear" (Luke 14:34-35).

CHRISTIANITY has a tang in it! It is a salty business. It is like the early morning spring breeze off the sea that bites into your face, or, perhaps, a thunderstorm, when you push your face out into the rain and it stings. Or like the aching in your legs and the beating of your heart when you get to the top of a mountain. There is something pungent, biting, about it; there is an edge in Christianity which the Lord Jesus says can be lost. In being Christians we can somehow lose the salt of the whole business, and there is no bite in us. We can be seasonless, insipid Christians.

In three places, one recorded in each of the first three Gospels, our Lord Jesus uses this simile for Christian living. If we lose that 'salt' we are still Christians, but Jesus says in Matthew 5:13 that we are 'good for nothings': "ye are the salt of the earth, but if the salt have lost its savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is henceforth good for nothing ." We are not even as much use to God as Nebuchadnezzar was, evil man though he could be, for at least he could be used as a chastening rod on God's people. We are not bad enough to be any good to God, and we are not good enough to be any good to God. We are just nothing, 'good for nothings', Christians who have lost their tang.

In Mark 9:49 the Lord Jesus says: "Everyone shall be salted with fire." If we have lost our saltness, we are not able to be consumed or to burn. We are just like clods. We cannot catch fire, there is no warmth in us, we are muddy and damp, and [57/58] there is not very much light coming from us. Amy Carmichael said:
"Let me not sink to be a clod;
Make me Thy fuel, flame of God."

Christians who lose their salt are but non-burnable clods in the Lord's eves.

In Luke 14 the Lord Jesus says that if we lose our seasoning we are neither fit for the land nor for the dunghill. We are not fit. We are out of condition. There is a middle-aged spiritual spread appearing, and we are not able to keep pressing on with the virility of what it means to be a Christian.

I wonder if, as we look at our own Christian lives, at ourselves as a church, and at the state of Christianity in the world, it would be unfair to call to mind these sayings of the Lord Jesus to test ourselves? Are we but 'good for nothings' as far as the Gospel is concerned? Are we but clods? Are we really not fit for this whole business of Christian living?


The first of these sayings has to do with the world. It was in the Sermon on the Mount, of course, that it was given, and as the multitudes gathered round the Lord Jesus He turned very deliberately to His disciples, not because He was unconcerned with the masses, who were like sheep without a shepherd -- for He "was moved with compassion toward them" (Mark 6:32) -- but because He purposed to affect the multitude through His people, who were going to be 'salt'.

"Ye are the salt of the earth", He says; and there is something about this biting edge in Christian living which is to do with our attitude to the world, to the multitudes who are without Christ in the earth, for if we have lost our saltness we are "cast out". We are "trodden under foot of men." The Lord Jesus is concerned, in this first application of the word 'salt', with our biting edge in relation to the world. Are we affecting the society in which we live? Are we infiltrating like salt into the infection to hinder society's corruption'? Is such an impact being made through our Christian living? If not, we are just going to be cast under the feet of men.

Concerning the recent publication of yet another book advocating a new, anaemic version of Christianity, certain non-Christians commented that if this is all that Christianity is, then it is about time that Christians gave the whole business up. They are throwing Christianity, as it were, under their feet, because it is such a world-accommodating, non-cutting, insipid affair, so watered down, that it has virtually nothing to say to a corrupting society.

Are we salt that has lost its savour? The Lord Jesus says in verses 11 and 12 of this chapter: 'Happy are ye if men revile you and persecute you', but the Church is not being persecuted in Western Europe. Men think so little of us that they say: 'Let us just walk over the top of them and ignore them'; and when the Church of Jesus Christ is being ignored in the world it is because the salt has gone. Otherwise there would be an antagonism. The Lord Jesus says so.

Are we looking round with superior, patronising smiles at the decadence of our society, saying how very soon the end time must be, and this is really about as much as we can expect? Rather we should see it as an indictment upon our Christian living that the salt has gone and we are not hindering the corruption about us.

Men did not treat the early Church like this. They persecuted it, and tried to destroy it; but when we are so thoroughly ignored that we are hardly worth considering, then we are no longer the salt of the earth . Yet the earth has no other salt than the Church of Jesus Christ. The Lord Jesus did not say that we could find the salt elsewhere. The only hindrance to mankind's final rundown in energy, moral and ethical, and in dignity and ability is the Church of Jesus Christ -- and that is you and I. We are called into this great calling.


In Mark's Gospel, chapter 9, the emphasis upon the salt is different. The disciples had been arguing about who was the greatest -- and it is a very important thing to some in the Church of Jesus Christ as to who is No. 1 Apostle, No. 2 Apostle, No. 3 Apostle, etc. Everyone has to be in their right order!

After the disciples' arguments the Lord Jesus took a little child, put him in their midst and said: 'This is the greatest in the Kingdom of heaven', and went on to explain that if we do not live in that sort of way, but go on living with our self-ambition, self-assertion and exalting of what we are, all we are going to create is war, but it will be a war amongst God's people. John had just confessed: 'You know, Lord, I met a man the other day, and he was casting out devils in Your name, so I said to him: "Don't do it! You are not with us."' It is that sort of officialdom, superiority, feeling that we are the 'in group', which creates all the disturbance and antagonism in the Church. So verse 49 says "Everyone shall be salted with fire. Salt is good, but if the salt have lost its saltness, wherewith will ye [58/59] season it? Have salt in yourselves , and be at peace one with another."

So the second reason for the necessity of salty Christianity is that it is the only way to preserve peace amongst God's people. By destroying that self-assertiveness whereby each of us strives for first place, we find peace with, and love for, one another. Can we apply this in our present context to-day? Do we really find a great deal of peace amongst God's people? Are we not still so concerned about arguing our pet point as to who is the first and who understands things the best, and everyone else is less than we are? We have such a great understanding, we are really the 'in crowd', we have the true appointment of God, and that man has not. And so there are divisions. We argue, we divide, and then some of us try to join together by signing bits of paper and dismissing our doctrines -- but that is not the way to solve the problem. The way is to get the salt of fire, the burning of the Holy Ghost. We need salt if we are going to live together in the peace of God's House, and we cannot do without it.